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Ch 17 Sherman

Ch17 AP Industrial Rev


The Industrial Revolution was

Before the process known as the Industrial Revolution, all of the following were true except     

A)    Iron was generally forged at the edge of forests      B)  More than half the Brit pop lived in cities     

C)  Steam engines, though existing, were inefficient       D)  Cloth was woven with only simple tools

E)  All were true

Country that first underwent modern industrialization was  

British advantages over continental European countries during early IR included

The Agricultural Revolution in Britain     

A)    Had nothing to do with industrialization        B)  Did away with the enclosure Acts

B)     Resulted in fewer people producing more food, so that surplus labor could work in the factories     

D)  Resulted in the domination of British politics by the House of Commons     E)  None of the above

The cloth industry was one of the first affected by the Industrial Revolution. Which of the following cloth

productions was transformed the most?     A)  Silk     B)  Linen     C)  Cotton     D)  Wool    E)  Polyester

Which of the following was not one of the important early inventors during the Industrial Revolution?    

 A)  Eli Whitney     B)  James Hargreaves    C)  Oliver Cromwell     D)  Richard Arkwright   E)  J. Watts

Overall the Industrial Revolution     

A)    Saw important technological changes but few changes in society

B)     Saw few technological changes but many changes in society     

C)    Saw major changes in both technology and society     

D)    Saw few changes in either technology or society      E)  All of these

The early Industrial Revolution affected both the cloth industry and the metal industry. Which of the

 following was the chief metal of the Industrial Rev?     

A)  Iron     B)  Copper     C)  Bronze     D)  Gold    E. Aluminum

Prior to the Industrial Rev, the British iron industry was small because  

Working class women in the early 19th century  

A)    Continued to act as if they were still in the world of cottage industry     

B)     Often had to work in factories, neglecting their children, to the dismay of middle class critics     

C)    Rejected prostitution as a means of economic survival     

D)    Were not allowed in the factories                            E)  None of the above

The Crystal Palace in the 1800’s   

Industrialization of continental Europe     

A)    Started well before industrialization in Britain        B)  Was strongest in southeastern and central Europe

C)    Started first in Belgium, Northeastern France, and northern Germany     

D)    Was strongly opposed by conservative continental governments  

E)     Started after the war of 1810 

Growing differentiation in the 19th century between men's and women's spheres of activity  

A)     Led to men forcing women to be confined to the houses, derived of any chance at public activity

B)     Led to a decline in the numbers of servants, forcing middle class women to do more of the housework

C)     Meant  men exclusively determined all aspects of a family's social life

D)     Ironically gave women more power and influence in religious, social, and cultural matters, because these things were part of their sphere

A)    Led to an increase in home intruders

The early IR in Britain and the continent resulted in

The social structure of Europe in the 19th century during the period of industrialization was altered by  

A)    Growing prosperity of the middle classes and the growth of an industrial working class     

B)     The growth of the peasant class because of the population increase     

C)    The collapse of the urban working class because of the growth of cottage industry    

D)  The continuing growth of the landed aristocracy    E. None of these

Major epidemic disease of the early 19th century was

Britain was the first country to undergo modern industrialization although the wealthiest country in Europe was.

Britain's internal transportation was better than that of most countries because the island

contained an excellent network of navigable rivers and _.

In addition to the great expansion of textiles, the British Industrial Rev was stimulated by

advances in the _ industry.

Working-class Britons sometimes reacted to industrial conditions by forming associations called.

The movement in which British workers, fearing their jobs might be replaced by machines,

 broke those machines, is called _.

Fear of crime in London led Parliament to establish a uniformed police, called _, after the man

who proposed this, __.

Many early 19th century doctors believed that disease came from breathing fumes emitted by

human waste, rotting vegetables, and stagnant ponds. The theory was called __.