child is largely nonverbal, is learning to coordinate purposeful movements with sense information
and is developing the concept of object permanence. The child is in Piaget's
a.-have limited sense abilities at birth and cannot feel pain at all.
b.-can follow a moving object with their eyes.
c.-cannot learn and must depend on the adaptive reflexes in order to survive.
d.-have extremely poor hearing.
we say a child's thinking is less abstract than an adult's, we mean that
a.-children use more examples and generalizations.
b.-children use more principles, but require fewer generalizations.
c.-children use fewer generalizations, categories, and principles.
d.-adults base their understanding of the world more on particular examples and tangible sensations.
- e. Able to interact with congenital
growth and development is called
rapid and early learning of permanent behavior patterns during critical periods of development in
birds and other animals
her mother leaves, Linda cries. When her mother returns, Linda crawls into her lap. According to
Mary Ainsworth, Linda has a(n) __________ attachment.
child who thinks it gets dark so that she can sleep is demonstrating
offer to trade your nickel for a dime held by a child. The child accepts the trade because the nickel
is "bigger." The child is
human characteristics are the result of many genes working in combination. This is referred to as
of the Head Start Program indicate that
represents the correct order of Piaget's stages of intellectual development?
to mothers, fathers spend more time
three basic emotions which appear to be unlearned but take time to develop are
a.-affection, anger, fear.
b.-excitement, jealousy, anger. c.-delight, jealousy, fear.
d.-anger, fear, joy.
e. affection, anger, hate
of the following most clearly demonstrates the existence of emotional attachment?
a.-separation anxiety b.-learning to walk c.-imprinting d.-language development
grasping, rooting, and sucking reflexes of infants are best described as
to Chomsky, humans have a __________ to develop language.
the formal operations stage, children begin to
is an example of a congenital problem.
a.-Williams Syndrome b.-Exposure to radiation c.-Down's Syndrome
e. Apoxy complex
Harlow's studies of surrogate mothers show that
child and her father are walking. The child knows there are such things as birds. Upon seeing a
butterfly, she says, "See the birdie," and her father replies, "No, that's a butterfly; see how small it is." This
infant is startled by a loud sound, it makes movements similar to an embrace. This is called a _ reflex.
demand that you obey" is to authoritarian as "Do your own thing" is to
child has learned to get his or her way with a younger sibling by using physical intimidation. If he or
she uses the same tactics on peers, this demonstrates
repetition by infants of meaningless language sounds (including both vowel and consonant sounds)
sociocultural theory suggests that a child's most important discoveries are guided by
a.-other children. b.-adults
acting as tutors. c.-neither
other children nor adults acting as tutors.
d.-both other children and adults acting as tutors. e. lecture style learning
of the following is one of the four basic ingredients of positive parent-child interactions?
a.-discipline b.-forced teaching and learning c.-flooding the infant with stimuli
are playing with a neighbor's son, Sam. He is taking a stick and waving it through the air, making
airplane noises. You then take the stick and push it along the ground, making car noises. Sam angrily takes back the
stick and says, "No, it's a plane!" Sam appears to be in Piaget's
of the following is characteristic of good parenting?
leave your child with a babysitter. When you return, your child ignores you. Your child's behavior
indicates a(n) __________ attachment.
children who are characterized by autonomy, self-control, and curiosity are often a
consequence of the parenting style described as
to Noam Chomsky, day-old infants dance to speech due to
psychology is the study of
to Erikson, a major conflict in the first year of life is that between
to Erikson, failure to resolve the tasks of middle adulthood leads to a sense of _ involving a
concern for one's own needs
and comforts only.
common mistake made by many concerned parents is likely to be
a.-deliberately creating high levels of stress for their child.
b.-unintentionally creating high levels of stress for their child.
c.-attempting to protect their children from all stress.
d. attempting to rectify arguments
e.-unintentionally rewarding their children for creating stress.
to __________, we face a specific psychosocial dilemma at each stage of life.
a.-James Coleman b.-Lawrence
Kohlberg c.-Erik Erikson
d.-Sigmund Freud e. Joe Piaget
driver's license or a wedding ring are what Elkind calls:
a.-status symbols. b.-social
markers. c.-tokens. d.-identity signs.
stated purpose of cryonic suspension is to
frequently used treatment for ADHD is
am in my late forties. If I do not reach out to others, especially to young people, Erikson says I will experience
directed by self-accepted moral principles represents the __________ level of moral development.
specialist in death and dying, or one who studies death, is referred to as a
to Erik Erikson, the major developmental task during adolescence is to achieve a sense of
learning experiments on the modeling of aggressive behavior have demonstrated that
Kohlberg is known for his research in the area of __________ development.
studied moral development by
a.-having subjects keep a daily journal of their actions.
b.-evaluating criminal and delinquent person's court records.
c.-posing moral dilemmas to children of different ages.
d.-having subjects perform various legal or illegal behaviors.
toddler learning to use the toilet who sometimes feels bad when he or she "messes up" is at Erikson's
concept of moral reasoning and development is most closely associated with
theory shows continuity
Piaget Kohlberg Gilligan
explains to son the speed limit is 55. He said stay under speed because it’s the law and to prevent an
level of morality illustrated by this example is
is a similarity between cognitive dev. Theory of Piaget and moral theory of Kohlberg?
Both stress importance of changes in thinking in their stages Both believe personality is formed in first 5 yrs
Both stress importance of the 3rd stage in dev. Process Both
developed a life span theory that had 8 stages
Both believed that libido fixated in childhood cannot be changed
to Erikson, a child entering adolescence can expect major developmental task demands to
center around the need to
to Kohlberg’s theory, postconventional morality requires thinking at Piaget’s
C. Concrete Operational
D. Formal Operational E. Universal
were interested in studying the effects of divorce on kids. Their study included 250 4 yr olds.
Interviews and family observations were conducted 6 months, 2 yrs, 5 yrs and 10 yrs after the initial interviews and
observations. Which method was used?
reflex is a neonate’s tendency to
critical period is a stage of development t when
to Diane Baumrind, which parental styles results in the most socially competent and responsible
child was born with widely spaced eyes, think upper lip, short flat nose. Maybe mental retardation. Which
teratogen was the child exposed to during the prenatal period?
these term Egocentrism, Observational learning, Overregularization or overgeneralization in language