The three tasks of memory are:
Memory that holds vast amounts of information for very long periods of time is called:
The simplest memory system, sensory memory, holds:
A. cognitive schemas of sensory input for brief periods of time.
B. limited representations of sensory input for extended periods of time.
C. characterizations of sensory input for extended periods of time.
D. representations of sensory input for brief periods of time.
E. All of the above
If Lisa asks Ralph if he knows how far it is from New York to London, she
is assessing his:
Which of the following involves shallow processing of information?
A. determining if two words are synonyms
B. deciding if a word fits in a sentence
C. thinking of antonyms of a specific word
D. counting the number of letters in a word
The fact that material learned in one environment is easier to remember in a similar environment than a
very different environment is known as:
Joan has trouble remembering this semester’s
psychology terms because she keeps getting them mixed up
with last semester’s sociology terms. She is experiencing
This past year Donna was promoted from
eighth to ninth grade and was assigned a new school locker with
a new combination. Donna has found that she has trouble remembering her
new combination because it
is similar to her old one. The memory problem Donna is experiencing is most probably a result of
Of the following, who is most associated
with the concept of a language acquisition device that appears to
be an inborn tendency to acquire language in humans?
Deciding whether memories come from external sources (our experiences) or from internal sources (our
imagination) represent what is called:
A modern view of memories suggests that they are represented:
Karen Sue remembers which wavelengths of
light are shorter than others by recalling ROYGBIV. This is
an example of:
Knowing how to ride a bike is stored in
which of our memory subsystems?
Rather than checking the dictionary, Billy
Bob used, ‘I before e, except after c,” to decide the spelling of
neither. To solve this problem he applied:
The three stages of the Atkinson-Shiffrin
process of memory are
Which of the following examples best illustrate
Doug wrote grocery list for 10 items, but
leaves it home. The list included in order: peas, corn, squash,
pears, bananas, flour, milk and eggs. If the law of primacy holds, which of the following is Doug most likely to remember
when he gets to the store?
A. peas, pears,
B. bananas, flour, peas
C. apples, pears, bananas
D. flour, milk, eggs
E. peas, corn, onion
In example above, which items would be
recalled in Doug’s short term memory immediately after
writing the list?
A. peas, corn,
B peas, corn, onions C.
apples, pears, bananas
D. flour, milk, eggs
E. flour, corn, bananas
According to the levels of processing theory
A. we remember
items that are repeated over and over
rehearsal will encode items into our long-term memory
C. deep processing
involves elaborate rehearsal, ensuring encoding into long term memory
D. input, output,
and storage are the 3 levels
E. we can only hold
7 items in short term memory before it is full
Which brain structures play a key role
in transferring info from short to long term?
Because of all the features commonly associated
with the concept bird, a robin is considered
Compared to convergent thinkers, to solve
a problem divergent thinkers are more likely to
Unlike Skinner, Chomsky believes children
Having been told that Syd is an engineer
and Fran is a elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets
couple for the
first time, he assumes Syd is husband and Fran wife, rather than the opposite. The best illustrates
Which exemplifies retroactive interference:
A. after suffering
a blow to the head, J cannot for new memories
B. Elle failed
a Spanish test because she studied her Italian righter after studying Spanish
C. Lot cannot
remember an important historical date
D. Le cannot
remember his new locker combo, but remembers last year’s
E. j remembers the
first few items on the school supply list, but can’t remember the rest
Alpha and Beta waves are characteristics
Humans develop a unique waking sleep cycle that maximizes our chances of survival, is a statement
most typical of
Which has enabled psychologists to learn
the most about sleep processes over the last 50 yrs.
D. CT scans
Which stage of sleep is characterized by
brain waves with spindles and K-complexes?
The question “Is intelligence more
influenced by heredity or experience?” deals with a big issue in
psychology known as
Dr Didden was hired by the TLC Company
to help them retain their employees without lowering the
firm’s profits. After TLC removed cubicles and permitted employees to decorate their workroom as recommended by Dr. Didden, the absentee rate
declined and no employees left for jobs elsewhere. Dr.
Didden is most likely
Camillo Golgi and a Spanish anatomist named
Santiago Ramon y Cajal- forever changed our
understanding of the brain and shared the what?
When a gene is __________, the trait it
controls will be present every time the gene is present.
A critical period is a stage of development
A. specific stimuli
have a major effect on development that they do not produce at other times
B. children are resistant
to any kind of discipline by their parents
C. new learning is
prevented by older learning D. bonding between parent and child takes place
E. child enters elementary
school and needs positive reinforcement
The correct order of Piaget's stages of
The grasping, rooting, and sucking reflexes
of infants are best described as
During the formal operations stage, children
Which reflex probably helps prevent falling?
A child is largely nonverbal, is learning
to coordinate purposeful movements with sense information, and
is developing the concept of object permanence. The child is in Piaget's __________ stage.
These psychologists study these mental
Substances capable of causing birth defects
are known as
Piaget is mainly known for studying
When her mother leaves, Linda cries. When
her mother returns, Linda crawls into her lap. According to
Mary Ainsworth, Linda has a(n) __________ attachment.
Ralph has looked up a phone number to dial, but before he can dial the number, someone asks him the
time. He has
now forgotten the phone number, which he had stored in:
The capacity of short-term memory is:
The process of combining separate pieces of information into units in short-term memory is called:
In describing a ball that is both red and
big, we say, “Big red ball,” rather than, “Red big ball,”. Such a
rule about word order is a specific rule of
Ralph thinks senior citizens are the ones
who back up traffic because they are hesitant drivers. When he
sees a line he looks for the lead driver. If it is a senior citizen he points it out to his passenger. Ralph is evidencing: