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Ch 23 Sherman

                          Ch 23 Between Wars Textbook                                 Name _________________

___ 1.

In the years after World War I     A)  Both victors and vanquished enjoyed great prosperity with low inflation     B)  Democratic governments were established throughout all of Europe     C)  European colonial empires ended     D)  The unresolved problems of the time helped lead to World War II

___ 2.

In the immediate aftermath of World War I     A)  German reparations payments prevented any serious economic difficulties in Britain and France     B)  International trade was quickly reestablished     C)  The major currencies of the victorious powers retained most of their pre-World War I purchasing power     D)  None of the above

___ 3.

The German government established in the aftermath of World War I was known as the     A)  Third Reich     B)  Third Republic     C)  Weimar Republic     D)  Holy Roman Empire

___ 4.

Of the major the major countries after World War I, the one which suffered the worst inflation was     A)  Britain     B)  Germany     C)  The United States     D)  France

___ 5.

During the 1920's, Germany     A)  Seemed to be prosperous and peaceful, joining the League of Nations and signing treaties with Belgium and France     B)  Adopted Hitler's ideas     C)  Restored its pre-World War I boundaries     D)  None of the above

___ 6.

A leading institution for the development of modern architecture was the Bauhaus, located in     

A)  Britain     B)  Germany     C)  Italy     D)  France

___ 7.

Eastern European countries in the 1920's     A)  Overcame their nationality problems     B)  For the most part became monarchies     C)  For the most part became nationalistic dictatorships     D)  Usually became strong democracies

___ 8.

The anti-liberal political ideology that arose in Italy after World War I was     A)  Fascism     

B)  Communism     C)  Nazism     D)  Utopianism

___ 9.

After World War I, Italy     A)  Became a democratic republic     B)  Saw its monarchy replaced by the rule of the pope     C)  Became strongly Communist     D)  Suffered from a weak economy and considerable political and social unrest

___ 10.

The founder of Fascism was     A)  Mussolini     B)  Cavour     C)  Victor Emmanuel     D)  Garibaldi

___ 11.

Fascist Italy under Mussolini     A)  Saw greater economic opportunities for women     B)  Undertook a radical attack on the Catholic Church and the pope     C)  Saw labor exalted at the expense of employers     D)  Was concerned more with the appearance of power than with political and economic reality

___ 12.

After the Russian Revolution Lenin     A)  Voluntarily resigned his powers to Stalin     B)  Permitted small-scale capitalism with the NEP (New Economic Policy)     C)  Undertook an invasion of Western Europe in the hope of establishing Communist regimes everywhere     D)  All of the above

___ 13.

Before Stalin, the Soviet Union in the 1920's  A)  Emphasized traditional family life     B)  In spite of its proclaimed equality, permitted Communist Party members, the military, and the intellectual elite to enjoy a higher standard of living   C)  Forced all peasants to work for the state     D)  None of the above

___ 14.

After several years of political maneuvering, ________ emerged as the successor of Lenin     A)  Stalin     B)  Trotsky     C)  Bukharin     D)  Rasputin

___ 15.

The Five Year Plans were     A)  Mussolini's ideas for Italian agriculture development     B)  Stalin's ideas for rapid increase of industrial production in the Soviet Union     C)  The means by which the United States ended the Great Depression     D)  Hitler's plans for German rearmament

___ 16.

The collectivization of agriculture in the Soviet Union     A)  Led to peasant resistance and a famine that took 4-6 million lives     B)  Was abandoned by Stalin because of its lack of success     C)  Was supported by the kulaks     D)  None of the above

___ 17.

Stalin's Great Purge  A)  Was directed against the remaining supporters of the Tsar B)  Was directed especially against members of the Communist Party C)  Resulted in Trotsky replacing Stalin  D)  All

___ 18.

The Great Depression     A)  Occurred after WWII     B)  Occurred only in the US; Europe was spared serious economic problems     C)  Was caused by Stalin's five Year Plans     D)  None of the above

___ 19.

European and American governments during the Great Depression     A)  Did nothing, believing that all economic cycles should be permitted to run their natural course     B)  Tried to emulate Stalin's Five Year Plans     C)  Usually tried the unsuccessful policy of balancing budgets and raising tariffs to protect domestic jobs     D)  Lowered tariffs to promote greater international trade

 

___ 20.

The National Socialist German Workers' Party     A)  Was, in spite of its name, not traditionally socialist nor did it appeal much to urban workers     B)  Was founded by Adolf Hitler     C)  Was a pre-World War I political party that collapsed in 1920     D)  None of the above

___ 21.

Which of the following was not a doctrine of the Nazi Party?     A)  Strong hatred of Jewish elements in German Society     B)  Undoing the "unjust" Treaty of Versailles     C)  Making Germany a truly democratic state     D)  The exaltation of Germans as the great example of the "Aryan" race

___ 22.

Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany     A)  Through the Beer Hall Putsch in 1923     B)  Because the Nazi Party had become the largest political party in Germany by 1930     C)  Through secret help from Stalin, though Hitler later turned on him     D)  None of the above

___ 23.

The appeal of the Nazi Party in Germany     A)  Was exclusively to the German working class     B)  Was based solely upon Nazi racism     C)  Was surprisingly broad-to youth, displaced World War I veterans, and the lower middle class     D)  Was especially to German intellectuals

___ 24.

As part of the effort to control Germany, the Nazi party did all of the following except     A)  Encourage women to become homemakers with large numbers of children     B)  Undertake persecution of Jews     C)  Organize spectacular political rallies, to present the image of Hitler as a heroic leader     

D)  Promote Jazz and modern art

___ 25.

As part of his plans for military expansion, Hitler  A) Developed a secret 4-year plan for German rearmament  B)  Took Germany out of the League of Nations and the Geneva Disarmament Conference     C) Abolished independent labor unions and created the Nazi Labor Front     D)  All of the above

___ 26.

The conflicts that led to WWII began outside of Europe with A)  The Japanese invasion of Manchuria     B)  The Chinese invasion of Japan     C)  The Korean War     D)  The Egyptian invasion of Israel

___ 27.

The Civil War in Spain     A)  Ended with a victory for the Spanish Republic     B)  Became in international war when Hitler and Mussolini sent men and equipment to aid Franco     C)  Was fought at the same time as the American Civil War     D)  All of the above

___ 28.

Between 1936 and 1939 Hitler invaded or annexed all of the following areas except     A)  The Rhineland     B)  Manchuria     C)  Austria     D)  Czechoslovakia

___ 29.

The European country that was partially dismembered at the Munich conference was     A)  Czechoslovakia     B)  Austria     C)  Poland     D)  Hungary

___ 30.

Fear of another great war led Britain and France in 1938     A)  To renew the Triple Entente     B)  To appease Hitler at Munich, giving him part of Czechoslovakia     C)  To forge an effective alliance with the United States directed at Germany     D)  To declare that they would be neutral in any future war

___ 31.

World War II started on September 1, 1939, with the German invasion of     A)  Austria     B)  Czechoslovakia     C)  Poland     D)  Hungary

___ 32.

The term blitzkrieg developed during World War II because     A)  New weapons were developed that cast fatal bolts of lightning at enemy troops     B)  Strategic bombing was directed at electric power plants     C)  Germany developed tactics of air strikes and rapid penetration of opponents' lines with tanks     D)  All of the above

___ 33.

France in World War II     A)  Was overwhelmed by German forces early in the war, leaving Britain isolated     B)  Invaded Germany and occupied the Rhineland     C)  Proclaimed neutrality at the beginning of the war     D)  Easily repulsed Hitler's attacks

___ 34.

World War II took a decisive turn in June, 1941, when Hitler invaded     A)  Rumania     B)  Yugoslavia     C)  Russia     D)  France

___ 35.

The text attributes Japan's military behavior in Asia especially     A)  As a response to attacks by the United States     B)  To the domination of the Japanese government by ultranationalists and the military     C)  To Japanese response to Chinese aggression     D)  As a response by European attempts to reduce Japan to colonial status

___ 36.

The most important target of Hitler's racist program were the     A)  Jews     B)  French     C)  Dutch     D)  Slavs

___ 37.

During World War II Auschwitz became famous as     A)  Hitler's headquarters for planning all of his major invasions     B)  The center for German research on atomic weapons     C)  The site a major battle that was the turning point of the war     D)  The largest of the famous extermination camps

 

___ 38.

Josip Broz (Tito)     A)  Was a Hungarian leader who collaborated with Hitler     B)  After World War II became a pro-Stalinist dictator in Romania     C)  Led the breakup of Yugoslavia into separate republics in 1991     D)  None of the above

___ 39.

On the home front in World War II     A)  The United States increased its military production by 400% in two years     B)  Russia dismantled factories threatened by Germany invasion and rebuilt them elsewhere     C)  Germany relied on spoils from its conquests and labor conscripted there, not turning to full war mobilization until 1942     D)  All of the above

___ 40.

Probably the greatest battle of World War II, leading to the total destruction of the German army engaged there, took place at     A)  Stalingrad     B)  The Marne     C)  Pearl Harbor     D)  Verdun

___ 41.

The famous D-Day invasion took place at     A)  Antwerp B)  Normandy     C)  El Alamein     D)  Sicily

___ 42.

The Japanese city destroyed by the first atomic bomb was     A)  Tokyo     B)  Hong Kong     C)  Hiroshima     D)  Leyte

___ 43.

The middle class was the best able to adjust to the great European inflation that resulted from World War I.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 44.

German regime that emerged after World War I is called the Weimar Republic.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 45.

German post-WWI reparations payments to France were increased by the Dawes Plan. A)True B) False

___ 46.

The Locarno Agreements of 1925 guaranteed the existing boundaries of France and Belgium with Germany.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 47.

The new countries that emerged in Eastern Europe after World War I usually had democratic governments.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 48.

Mussolini started his political career as a socialist.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 49.

The early Fascist movement in Italy appealed to factory workers.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 50.

Lenin intended that the NEP be the capstone of communism.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 51.

At the death of Lenin, most outside observers concluded that Stalin would be his successor. A)T   B) F

___ 52.

A major purpose of Stalin's collectivization of agriculture was to use the agricultural surpluses to finance the Five Year Plan's industrialization.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 53.

In Stalin's Russia, women were generally kept subordinate to men, in spite of an official legal sexual equality.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 54.

In the great purges of the 1930s in the Soviet Union, most of the victims were former capitalists.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 55.

By the end of the 1930s the USSR was the 3rd largest industrial power in the world. A) True B)  False

___ 56.

Hitler blamed Jews and Marxists for the German defeat in World War I.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 57.

Hitler's "Beer Hall Putsch" destroyed the Weimar government in Germany.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 58.

Great Depression helped propel the Nazis from a fringe group to a major party in Germany. A)  T  B) F

___ 59.

The Nuremberg Laws deprived German Jews of their citizenship.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 60.

Japan invaded China only after Hitler launched World War II in Europe.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 61.

The Spanish Civil War led to a long dictatorship under Francisco Franco.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 62.

British PM, Neville Chamberlain, opposed the appeasement of Hitler at Munich.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 63.

Just prior to his invasion of Poland, Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with the USSR.  A)True B)False

___ 64.

Stalin ordered an attack on Germany in June, 1941.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 65.

By Jan 1, 1942, it seemed that Japan and Germany were winning World War II.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 66.

The largest of the German death camps was Auschwitz.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 67.

There is good evidence that a considerable number of Germans knew what was going on in the death camps.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 68.

In Yugoslavia, Tito not only fought the Germans, but also other Yugoslav resistance movements.     

A)  True    B)  False

___ 69.

Germany came very close to winning World War II because of their crushing defeat of Russia at Stalingrad.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 70.

The major British and American assault on Germany in World War II really began with the invasion of Norway in 1942.     A)  True    B)  False

___ 71.

The first city to be destroyed by an atomic bomb was Hiroshima.     A)  True    B)  False

____________________ 72.-The German govt that came to power at the end of WWI is known as the _ Republic.

______________________ 73.-The treaty of _, signed by Germany, France, Italy, Britain, and Belgium,

guaranteed the German boundaries with France and Belgium.

______________________ 74.-Both the German painter Otto Dix and the German film director Fritz Lang chose

the same title for one of their major works, _.

______________________ 75.-The political movement founded in Italy by Mussolini is called _.

______________________ 76.-In 1921, in a temporary retreat from communism, Lenin announced the ___.

______________________ 77.-After death of Lenin most outside observers expected that _ would succeed him.

______________________ 78.-Major program for industrial change in Russia, promulgated by Stalin, was the __.

______________________ 79.-The terror unleashed by Stalin in the Soviet Union during the 1930s is called the _.

______________________ 80.-Hitler published the core of his political and racial beliefs in

______________________ 81.-In 1935 German Jews were stripped of their citizenship by the

______________________ 82.-Japan began the war in the Pacific with an invasion of __ in 1931.

______________________ 83.-Launching a successful rebellion against democratically elected Spanish govt was

______________________ 84.-The international conference famous for its appeasement of Hitler was held at

______________________ 85.-Just before beginning World War II, Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with

______________________ 86.-German tactics in the early years of World War II are known by the term

______________________ 87.-In June, 1941, Hitler ordered an invasion of

______________________ 88.-Japan pushed the United States into World War II with a surprise attack on

______________________ 89.-The largest death camp established by Germany in world War II was at

______________________ 90.-The major target of the Nazi racial extermination campaign were

______________________ 91.-Josp Broz, or Tito, was first a leader of resistance against Germany in __ and later

 the head of the communist state there.

______________________ 92.-The largest battle in World War II, a major German defeat, took place at _.

______________________ 93.-One of the two cities of Japan on which an atomic bomb was dropped was _____.

94.-Put the following into chronological order.  Write word

___________________                      Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima

___________________                      Fascist March on Rome

___________________                      First Five Year Plan

___________________                      Germany invades the Soviet Union

___________________                      Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

___________________                      Invasion of Normandy

___________________                      Japanese invasion of Manchuria

___________________                      Joyce's Ulysses

___________________                      Munich Conference

___________________                      Pearl Harbor

___________________                      Spanish Civil War

___________________                      Stalingrad

___________________                      Stock Market Collapse

___________________                      The Great Purges in the Soviet Union

___________________                      The Munich Putsch

___________________                      The Nuremberg Laws

___________________                      World War II starts