Health, Stress, and Coping
Quinlan’s mission in life is to prevent the spread of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
He helps to inform the public about how AIDS is transmitted and
how people can protect themselves. Dr. Quinlan’s work falls under the category of
a. community mental health.
c. health psychology.
of the following people is experiencing a stressor that falls in the life changes and strains
a. Ross, whose
wife just had a baby b. Rachel, who was just in a car accident
c. Monica, who
spends two hours in traffic each day on her way to work
d. Chandler, who has to deal with an unfriendly co-worker every day
is defined as
a. feeling uncomfortable
in certain situations.
b. the process
of adjustment to disrupting circumstances.
c. damage to
the body caused by psychological processes.
in daily living.
Ragu turns off his alarm clock in his sleep, and this causes him to wake up late for work. He quickly
showers and then jumps into his car, only to find that the car
won’t start. Once he manages to get to work, he spills coffee on an important document. Ragu is experiencing
a. chronic stressors.
b. daily hassles.
c. life changes and strains. d. catastrophic events.
of the following is the best example of a catastrophic event?
a. Being stationed
at a remote military base
b. Being unable
to find a phone to make an important call
c. Going through
heated divorce proceedings
a promotion that brings more responsibility
lives in the residence halls and has a hard time studying because the people next door play loud
music every night. The
noise is an example of
is being chased by a reindeer. As soon as she saw the reindeer racing toward
her, her heart
began to beat faster, she started breathing quickly, her muscle tension increased, and adrenaline was released
into her bloodstream. In this example, Grandma is in the _ stage of general adaptation
the initial shock of entering cold water, swimmers feel comfortable even though their blood
pressure has increased. They are in the ______________ phase of
the general adaptation syndrome.
Jill creeps downstairs on Christmas Eve to try to see Santa. To her shock, she
sees her mommy
kissing Santa Claus underneath the mistletoe! In response to this
stressful sight, Jill wishes that it had never happened and tries not to think about it too much. In this example, Jill is using ______ focused coping methods.
posttraumatic stress disorder, burnout is the result of
and Spiderman are having lunch together. Spiderman confides that he can’t
take the stress of
crime fighting anymore. He’s become accident prone, sad,
irritable, and indifferent to the growing injustice of the city. Based on what
you know from the text, Spiderman seems to be suffering from
does social support help prevent illness? Social support
marriage is fairly stable. George, on the other hand, fights with his wife and worries that she
might leave him. According to the results of the Terman Life Cycle Study, George is more likely to ______ than
field of psychoneuroimmunology traces its roots back to the research on bacteria and stress
field of psychoneuroimmunology studies
Oscar is suspicious, resentful, antagonistic, distrustful of others, and frequently angry. Oscar is
consistent with ______, which is a risk factor for ______.
Compared to the major causes of illness and death in the United States a century ago, the current
leading causes of disability and death are
is feeling really stressed and calls a friend for some advice. This is an example of a(n) __ coping strategy
is worried about his parents. Both of them have been heavy smokers for as long
as he can
remember. He has good reason to worry, given that smoking is
of the following is not one of the assumptions behind Rosenstock’s health-belief
People’s decisions about health-related behaviors are guided by
knows that she is greatly overweight, and although she thinks about her weight all the time and
worries about its effects on her health, she doesn’t seem to be able to change her eating habits. According
to Prochaska’s model, Sarita is at the ______________ stage.
and Grace have finally gotten Karen to acknowledge that she drinks way too many martinis every
day. Karen says that she has a specific plan for giving up alcohol,
and she has already taken preliminary steps by drinking only two instead of ten martinis each day. According to Prochaska’s model, Karen is in the ______ stage of readiness to change health behaviors.
used to be faced with anxiety, confusion, and discouragement resulting from her “perfectionist”
attitude. She made herself much calmer and happier when she adopted the attitude, “Perfection is impossible;
all I can do is my best.” This is an example of
the Elder, has just returned from a hard day of work. He sits in his favorite chair and
systematically begins to tense and relax various muscle groups. His son, Pliny the Younger, walks into the room
and says, “Hey, look! Dad is ______________.”
is observing her friend Betty tensing her muscles for a few seconds and then releasing that tension.
Betty has just done this for her hands, arms, legs, feet, and abdomen.
Liz thinks that Betty has gone crazy. However, Betty is most likely engaging
use, progressive relaxation, and meditation are ______________ coping strategies.
Vinson is interested in examining the interaction of psychological and physiological processes that
affect the body’s ability to defend itself against diseases.
Her field is called
Amber went out last night to watch the Emma Feel band, she was unprepared for her psychology
final today. As a result, during the middle of the exam she began to repeatedly think, “I should have
studied more for this test.” This type of thought pattern is representative of
taking a test, Bernadette is asked how positive or negative certain events were for her. She is also
given the opportunity to write in and rate any stressors that are not on the printed list. Bernadette is most likely taking the