to a process in which
is suffering from paranoid schizophrenia. Which class of psychoactive drugs would she most
to alleviate psychological disorders by ______________ brain tissue.
Stimulating rerouting destroying
therapy (ECT) has been used for many decades for many different disorders. Today,
ECT is used sparingly and only under certain conditions, primarily
in the treatment of
Three people are
in therapy. Groucho is depressed and suicidal, and his medication does not appear to be
working. Chico believes that he is Tinker Bell and makes other clients clap to rejuvenate himself.
Harpo can remain motionless for hours and experience periods of wild uncontrollable activity. Who would benefit most from
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
In order to increase
a student’s class attendance, a teacher begins a program in which she gives the student
one plastic chip for every day he attends class. At the end of every month, he can trade in the chips he has earned
for a toy. The more chips he has, the bigger the toy he can get. The teacher is using
You are afraid of
tunnels. Your therapist first helps you to deeply relax and then asks you to imagine a
distant tunnel. When you can stay relaxed while visualizing this image, the therapist then asks you to imagine nearing
the entrance, and finally entering the tunnel. Eventually, when you can remain relaxed while imagining all of this, the therapist
takes you through a short tunnel. This technique is called
Iris’s therapist points out that she is nervously laughing while telling the story of her
friend’s recent death.
He has her engage
in a dialogue with her laughter. Iris’s therapist is most likely a _____
Betty is searching
for a therapist who will treat her as an equal and give her support and acceptance.
Betty also wants
a therapist who will be non‑directive and recognize that Betty is ultimately responsible for
her own thoughts and actions.
These criteria best describe a therapist with a _________ approach.
Wanda tells this
dream to her psychodynamic therapist: “I was riding on this train and for some reason I
wanted to steal this guy’s umbrella. We started going in and out of a series of tunnels, and when I looked out
the window, I saw a leopard riding a horse and a baby with an apple in its mouth!” “Hmmm . . .”
replied the therapist, “now that you have described the ______________ content of the dream, we must determine the ______________
Robyn sees a therapist
who prescribes an antidepressant. Robyn most likely saw a
A patient says, “I am really angry at my boss.” Ara, his therapist, responds, “Focusing
on your boss will miss the point. The real cause of your anger can be found in your childhood.” Ara is most likely following
the ____________ approach.
Joline hated how
her parents neglected her and refused to guide her when she was a child. Now Joline
complains to her therapist, accusing him of being aloof and unhelpful. Joline is demonstrating the psychodynamic concept of
The treatment of
psychological disorders through analyzing problems and discussing more adaptive ways
to cope is generally known as
An eclectic therapist
is one who
As a therapist, Dr. Schwindt often uses operant conditioning techniques in treating her clients.
shows her clients unconditional positive regard, empathy, and genuineness,
and analyzes the transference relationship between herself and each client. Dr. Schwindt’s therapeutic approach is best
Gretchen has just
been diagnosed with depression, and her therapist prescribed Elavil as an antidepressant.
therapist is a
Serdar is interested in psychopathology and wants to go to graduate school and get a doctoral degree
in psychology. His choice would most likely lead him toward a career as a
In Freud’s earliest attempts at helping people overcome hysterical ailments such as blindness
and paralysis, he utilized
Jin’s therapist is currently helping her to
recognize that she is unknowingly controlled by a need to dominate people. According to Jin’s therapist, Jin plays practical
jokes, arrives late to appointments, and behaves in an aggressive manner because she is defending against her unconscious
feelings of inadequacy. Jin’s therapist most likely believes in the ______________ approach.
A person suffering from depression wants to explore the unconscious causes of her problems. She
feels they have some root in the conflicts she had with her mother when she was an infant. She would probably find it easiest
to work with a
During sessions with her analyst, Sheila began to treat him with tenderness and dependence, much
like her relationship with her father. Freud called this phenomenon
Phani’s therapist asks her to report everything that comes to mind no matter how trivial
or bizarre it may seem. Phani’s therapist is using
Psychoanalysis is still used today but often in more flexible, adaptive ways. Which of these alternatives
is not a variation on psychoanalysis?
During a therapy session, Fay begins to treat her therapist like her father. Her therapist, in
turn, starts to treat Fay like his daughter. Fay’s therapist is exhibiting
Tianna is a psychotherapist. When she works with a client she rarely asks questions, and always
lets the client direct the therapy. Tianna’s clients often comment that they see Tianna as an equal and feel that she
genuinely likes them as people. Tianna most likely practices ______ therapy.
Kayla is seeing
a new client who has an extremely different set of beliefs than her own. When
with this client, Kayla feels she should be non-judgmental and trusting, but she is having difficulty acting this way
toward this particular client. In this situation, Kayla is therapeutically lacking
Byron has a terrible
fear of cows. Whenever he sees one, he breaks out in a cold sweat, starts to
tremble, and runs in the other direction. His therapist believes that Byron’s disorder is the result of his being
kicked by a cow when he was eight years old. Byron’s therapist most likely subscribes to the ______________ approach.
Chirag smokes cigarettes but would like to quit. According to Skinner’s functional analysis
of behavior, what should a therapist be most concerned with when dealing with Chirag’s situation?
relies mainly on _ conditioning, while behavior modification relies mainly on _
Ali has a spider phobia. To overcome this phobia, his therapist has him develop a list of least-to-most feared situations involving
spiders. Ali engaged in the least-feared situation, looking at spider pictures in a book. Then he moved to looking at a spider
from across a room, touching a spider and finally getting a tarantula as a pet. This method is known as ______, which incorporates
A group home for
teenage juvenile offenders requires each girl to participate in twice-weekly group
sessions with a counselor, to perform a daily chore, and to set monthly goals for herself. The girls earn a specified
number of points each day for accomplishing these activities. At the end of each week, the girls are allowed to trade their
points for candy, television time, or a day trip into town. This type of setting is called a
One of Dr. Nohold’s
clients, Marissa, is terrified of all kinds of insects. Dr. Nohold puts her in a room
filled with ants and flies. After several hours in this room, Marissa is no longer terrified of bugs. This is because
Dr. Nohold used ______________ therapy.
To help overcome
her need for cigarettes, Januari smoked twenty cigarettes quickly. Although she had
to do this two days in a row, Januari finally associated smoking with nausea and dizziness. Januari used
Chuck has a fear
of teddy bears. Every time he gets near a teddy bear, he has panic attacks. His
therapist has a few tiny teddy bears in her office and has shown Chuck how to hold a teddy bear and not become afraid
of it. Chuck practices holding a tiny teddy bear at home. What behavioral technique is Chuck’s therapist using?
book The Little Engine That Could, in which an engine successfully puffs up a mountain
while saying “I think I can. I think I can!”, could be an advertisement for which kind of psychotherapy?
An individual who
has the faulty belief that getting into medical school is the only possible way to have
a happy, fulfilling life and who without going to medical school has no reason to live would have this faulty belief
directly attacked by the therapist in ______________ therapy.
Shemp feels sad
because people don’t think he is as good a comedian as Moe. In talking to his therapist,
Shemp discovers that his belief that everyone should adore him is self-defeating. Therapy that identifies and replaces
such thoughts is most likely ______________ therapy.
Group therapy is
often helpful to a client because
Group therapy might
be a better approach for dealing with drug abuse than would individual therapy
During ____ therapy,
the therapist attempts to change the rigid patterns and rituals that create alliances.
Dr. Mendoza believes
that her client’s behavior is caused by a lack of a certain neurotransmitter. Dr.
Mendoza will most likely advocate a ______________ therapy.
Gini has been diagnosed
with major depression. Anti-depressant drugs have not been effective, and she
has threatened to commit suicide on several occasions. Which of the following therapies would her psychiatrist most
likely try next to help alleviate Gini’s condition?
In the late 1930s,
Blaine had small holes drilled into his skull. Then a sharp
instrument was inserted
into a hole and moved from side to side in order to destroy brain tissue. This attempt at relieving schizophrenic symptoms
is known as
Which of the following
is most likely to be used in the modern biological treatment of a mental
from generalized anxiety disorder and sees a therapist twice weekly. While her
therapy sessions do help relieve some of her anxiety, she still has much difficulty. Which type of psychoactive drug
treatment would probably best help Claudette control her anxiety?
Which of the following
people who are taking a neuroleptic is at the greatest risk for developing tardive